開講科目一覧
(歴史・文化科目群)

Level 100-200科目 Principles of Philosophy 
Principles of History
Principles of Sociology
Level 300-400科目 World Wars in History
Global Social Policy
Modern Political Thought
Sociology of Globalization
Cold War and Decolonisation in History
Education and International Development
Global Ethics
Transnational Migration
 

科目紹介(歴史・文化)

 
授 業 科 目 授業 概要
Principles of Philosophy  This course introduces students to the central concepts and perspectives of sociology as well as their application to students’ everyday lives. It trains students to look at and analyze pressing social issues, thus instilling in them a greater understanding of social processes at work in contemporary times. It also aims to show how social forces influence individuals and how they in turn reproduce and transform these. This course is designed for students who are new to the discipline and want to be informed of the fundamental theories and frameworks used in sociological analyses. Topics ranging from social roles and culture, social inequality, crime and deviance, education, race and ethnicity will be covered. 
Principles of History  
Principles of Sociology  An introduction to a set of philosophical issues concerning knowledge, moral value and political life. We will consider the social sources of our knowledge, and the contrast between group morality and individual reflection on what is morally good. Lastly, we will consider how these ideas further influence the nature of social and political life.  
World Wars in History
Europe in the 19th century saw the period of enlightenment when people believed in unlimited progress through a rational conviction and material gain. The dramatic growth of science, industry, and democratic social systems in Western Europe also gave Europeans an unwavering belief that they had a "Civilizing Mission" to bring Western civilization what they perceived as "backward" and "primitive" peoples living in different cultures. 
In reality, this kind of ethnocentric supremacism (Eurocentrism) was a rationale for colonization and Westernization of indigenous people; the 19th century actually saw imperialistic ambitions and expansion. Thus, a few great powers with a "Civilizing Mission" ruled the world. What awaited humankind was not "unlimited progress" but the cataclysm of the First World War and the Second World War.
In studying modern world history, therefore, it is essential to consider the reasons behind and consequences of imperialistic world-orders in the late 19th and early 20th century. This is the main theme of this course, stimulating discussion on World Wars as the historical origin of globalizing world in our time.
Global Social Policy Governments and international organizations design and implement policies for the protection and welfare of societies. Students in this course will learn about the construction and maintenance of the modern welfare state. Policies related to child care and education, work and welfare, ageing and population, and immigration and cultural diversity will be considered. The course will focus on social policy issues in both developed and developing states to provide comparative perspective. The impact of globalization on poverty, equality, and employment will be considered. Finally, students will be provided with the analytical skills to determine the relative effectiveness of policies in specific national and international contexts.
Modern Political Thought Social philosophy examines the relationship between individuals and society by extending the application of ethical and moral concepts to the social arrangements and institutions found in political life. Various forms of government and social relationships are then analyzed in order to provide standards from which to judge and criticize existing social institutions and political practices. This course provides a survey of modern liberal, individualist theories of government, with special emphasis on two competing traditions in modernity: Social contract theory, which understands political life as justified through some kind of real or imagined "contract" among citizens and between citizens and the government; and non-contractarian positions, which locate the basis for political life and its justification within appeals to common types of participation in social and political life. The purpose of this course is to introduce students to key concepts of political and social philosophy, including political authority, liberty, rights, justice, democracy, and equality. Our main goal is to develop a more careful approach to how we examine political and social relationships and institutions, where this will involve understanding the importance of these respective positions and assessing their ongoing significance for current conceptions of the future of democracy. Among the philosophers to be studied will include: Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Marx, Mill, Dewey and Rawls.
Sociology of Globalization This course problematizes the globalizing forces that continue to transform the world and local societies in contemporary times. By utilizing the theories and methods of Sociology,  economic, political, and socio-cultural dimensions of globalization, which are mutually dependent, will be examined. An understanding of how structures and institutions have evolved in response to globalization is necessary in order to grasp how these transformations also affect our beliefs, realities, and sense of belonging in our contemporary world. Students will be able to equip themselves with the necessary tools in helping them analyze processes of globalization as well as socio-cultural transformations on a global scale. Through this course, students will develop a more critical approach in thinking about current issues that affect humanity as well as have a greater understanding at how global processes shape and are also shaped by individuals.  
Cold War and Decolonisation in History This course will examine the international history of the second half of the twentieth century. This is an independent course given in the fall term; it is a continuation of ‘World Wars in History’ given in the spring term. The main theme to consider is a historical significance of Cold War and decolonisation by referring to the reasons for and consequences of colonialism in the twentieth century.
Following the discussion of colonialism, issues of decolonisation in the second half of the twentieth century will be discussed. One of the most significant aspects of twentieth-century history was the collapse of European colonial rule. In 1914, many Asian and African countries were colonized by a few imperial powers. The situation had dramatically changed in fewer than seventy years. After the Second World War, newly independent states strengthened their international presence while former colonial powers such as Britain and France were politically and economically weakened. The degree to which these new states in Asia and Africa were free from outside intervention is still a heated debate. However, it is undeniable that decolonisation played a crucial role in twentieth-century history.
In this course, we will explore how the process of decolonisation shaped the international society in which we currently live.
Education and International Development Globalization has had an isomorphic influence on education policy; in other words, there are more similarities than differences in national education systems. It is necessary to consider whether this is appropriate or whether education should be dependent on, and relevant to, cultural, ethnic and national context. In this context, education for sustainable development provides a viable alternative, allowing every individual to acquire the knowledge, skill, attitudes and values needed to shape a sustainable future. This course will examine the theory and practice on ESD in the developed and less-developed world. Theories and models of development through education will be examined and alternative methods of teaching and learning such as indigenous knowledge will be considered.
Global Ethics Many issues concerning justice have become global in scope, while our institutions and political theory still tend to focus on the nation-state as having primary responsibility for ensuring justice. In this course we will examine questions of justice that clearly extend beyond the resources of any single nation-state and are best understood as problems of global justice. The main topics to be explored include: 1. central concepts of international political theory including the sovereignty of states, nationhood, territorial rights, secession and human rights; 2. competing theories of global justice such as Rawlsian contractualism, cosmopolitanism, nationalism, and theories of human rights; 3. issues in contemporary political ethics involving the prospects for global democracy, global citizenship, borders and migration, just war theory and humanitarian intervention. The purpose of the course is to understand some of the major philosophical concerns of classic and contemporary theories of global justice. This will include developing a critical perspective toward the key contributions in the philosophical literature on global justice. Our main goals are to assess the relevance of political theory for understanding pressing questions of global ethics, and to apply the methods of normative reasoning and conceptual analysis to contemporary political controversies. Both classical and contemporary readings will be studied.
Transnational Migration This course is a survey of current theories and contemporary debates on transnational migration, focusing on selected cases from Asia, Europe, the Americas, Australasia, and Africa. While this course focuses on sociological and anthropological analyses of transnational migration, it also provides an interdisciplinary approach to the study of this phenomenon. It provides a comprehensive examination of identity negotiations among migrants in relation to the intersections of culture, ‘race,’ ethnicity, and gender, as well as the impact of institutional structures and discourse on shaping human agency. This course entails in-depth discussions on human mobility and the power relations involved, looking at the dynamics of structure and agency and the interconnectedness of place and identity. This course is designed for students who want to be equipped with the fundamental tools in understanding and analyzing transnational migration, as well as those who wish to pursue further studies in the field.